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FRANCIS FORD COPPOLA
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FRANCIS FORD COPPOLA




Francis Ford Coppola - (ur. 7 kwietnia 1939) wybitny reżyser i scenarzysta, również kompozytor, producent filmowy i aktor amerykański.

Urodził się w Detroit, ale dorastał w Nowym Jorku. Początkowo uczył się w szkole wojskowej, po czym w 1955 rozpoczął studia w dziedzinie sztuki dramatycznej, a w 1959 r. na wydziale filmowym Uniwersytetu Kalifornijskiego w Los Angeles i został asystentem Rogera Cormana, niezależnego producenta i realizatora niskobudżetowych produkcji. W 1969 r. założył w San Francisco ośrodek produkcji filmów American Zoetrope, z którym współpracowali m. in.: George Lucas, Martin Scorsese i Peter Bogdanovich.

Spośród filmów nakręconych przez Francisa Forda Coppolę najbardziej doceniana jest gangsterska trylogia Ojciec chrzestny o włoskiej rodzinie mafijnej w USA, thriller Rozmowa i monumentalna opowieść o wojnie w Wietnamie Czas Apokalipsy na motywach powieści Josepha Conrada Jądro Ciemności.

Francis Ford Coppola ma trójke dzieci: Mary Coppola, Sofia Coppola i Roman Coppola. Sofia poszła w ślady ojca i została reżyserem i scenarzystką. Także bratanek Francisa, Nicolas zrobił błyskotliwą karierę aktorską pod pseudonimem Cage.

GODFATHER

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Screenplay:

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APOCALYPSE NOW!

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COTTON CLUB

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Filmografia

Jako reżyser

* 2001: Czas Apokalipsy: Powrót (Apocalypse Now / Apocalypse Now: Redux)
* 2000: Supernova
* 1997: Zaklinacz deszczu (The Rainmaker)
* 1996: Jack
* 1992: Dracula (Bram Stoker's Dracula)
* 1990: Ojciec chrzestny III (The Godfather: part III)
* 1989: Nowojorskie opowieści (New York Stories)
* 1988: Tucker (Tucker: The Man and His Dream)
* 1987: Kamienne ogrody (Gardens of Stone)
* 1986: Kapitan Eo (Captain Eo)
* 1986: Peggy Sue wyszła za mąż (Peggy Sue Got Married)
* 1984: Cotton Club (The Cotton Club)
* 1983: Wyrzutki (The Outsiders)
* 1983: Rumble Fish
* 1982: Ten od serca (One from the Heart)
* 1979: Czas Apokalipsy (Apocalypse Now)
* 1974: Ojciec chrzestny II (The Godfather: part II)
* 1974: Rozmowa (The Conversation)
* 1972: Ojciec chrzestny (The Godfather)
* 1969: Ludzie z deszczu (The Rain People)
* 1968: Tęcza Finiana (Finian's Rainbow)
* 1966: Jesteś już mężczyzną (You're a Big Boy Now)
* 1963: Obłęd (Dementia 13)
* 1963: Strach (The Terror)
* 1962: The Playgirls and the Bellboy
* 1961: Tonight for Sure

Jako scenarzysta

* 2001: Czas Apokalipsy: Powrót (Apocalypse Now / Apocalypse Now: Redux)
* 1997: Zaklinacz deszczu (The Rainmaker)
* 1990: Ojciec chrzestny III (THe Godfather: part III)
* 1989: Nowojorskie opowieści (New York Stories)
* 1984: Cotton Club (The Cotton Club)
* 1983: Rumble Fish
* 1982: Ten od serca (One from the Heart)
* 1979: Czas Apokalipsy (Apocalypse Now)
* 1974: Ojciec chrzestny II (The Godfather: part II)
* 1974: Rozmowa (The Conversation)
* 1974: Wielki Gatsby (The Great Gatsby)
* 1972: Ojciec chrzestny (The Godfather)
* 1970: Patton
* 1969: Ludzie z Deszczu (The Rain People)
* 1966: Czy Paryż płonie? (Paris brule-t-il)
* 1966: Ta posiadłość jest zakazana (This Property Is Condemned)
* 1966: Jesteś już mężczyzną (You're a Big Boy Now)
* 1963: Obłęd (Dementia 13)
* 1961: Tonight for Sure
* 1953: Sadko

Jako kompozytor

* 2001: Czas Apokalipsy: Powrót (Apocalypse Now / Apocalypse Now: Redux)

Jako producent

* 2004: Kinsey
* 2004: The Good Shepherd
* 2001: Suriyothai (The Legend of Suryiothai)
* 1999: The Florentine, The
* 1996: Mroczny Anioł (Dark Angel (TV))
* 1992: Wiatr (Wind)
* 1983: Hammett
* 1961: Tonight for Sure

Jako aktor

* 1962: War Hunt jako Kierowca ciężarówki

Nagrody i nominacje

* 1991: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy reżyser, Ojciec chrzestny III
* 1991: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy film, Ojciec chrzestny III
* 1980: Złoty Glob, najlepszy reżyser, Czas Apokalipsy
* 1980: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy film, Czas Apokalipsy
* 1980: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy reżyser, Czas Apokalipsy
* 1980: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy scenariusz adaptowany Czas Apokalipsy
* 1980: Złoty Glob, najlepsza muzyka, Czas Apokalipsy
* 1979: Złota Palma, Czas Apokalipsy
* 1975: Oscar, najlepszy reżyser, Ojciec chrzestny II
* 1975: Oscar, najlepszy film, Ojciec chrzestny II
* 1975: Oscar, najlepszy scenariusz adaptowany, Ojciec chrzestny II
* 1974: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy film, Rozmowa
* 1974: Złota Palma, Rozmowa
* 1974: nominacja do Oscara, najlepszy film, Amerykańskie graffiti
* 1973: Oscar, najlepszy scenariusz adaptowany, Ojciec chrzestny
* 1973: Złoty Glob, najlepszy scenariusz oryginalny, Ojciec chrzestny
* 1973: Złoty Glob, najlepszy reżyser, Ojciec chrzestny
* 1973: Oscar, najlepszy film, Ojciec chrzestny
* 1971: Oscar, najlepszy scenariusz adaptowany, Patton

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FRANCIS FORD COPPOLA

mini-biography



He was born in 1939 in Detroit, USA, but he grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father was a composer and musician Carmine Coppola. His mother had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University, and did graduate work at UCLA in filmmaking. He was training as assistant with filmmaker Roger Corman, working in such capacities as soundman, dialogue director, associate producer and, eventually, director of Dementia 13 (1963), Coppola's first feature film. During the next four years, Coppola was involved in a variety of script collaborations, including writing an adaptation of This Property is Condemned, by Tennessee Williams (with Fred Coe and Edith Sommer), and screenplays for Is Paris Burning?, and Patton, the film for which Coppola won a Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award. In 1966, Coppola's 2nd film brought him critical acclaim and a Master of Fine Arts degree. In 1969, Coppola and George Lucas established American Zoetrope, an independent film production company based in San Francisco. The company's first project was THX 1138 (1971), produced by Coppola and directed by Lucas. Coppola also produced the second film that Lucas directed, American Graffiti (1973), in 1973. This movie got five Academy Award nominations, including one for Best Picture.

In 1971, Coppola's film The Godfather (1972) became one of the highest-grossing movies in history and brought him an Oscar for writing the screenplay with Mario Puzo The film was a Best Picture Academy Award-winner, and also brought Coppola a Best Director Oscar nomination. Following his work on the screenplay for The Great Gatsby (1974), Coppola's next film was The Conversation (1974), which was honored with the Golden Palm Award at the Cannes Film Festival, and brought Coppola Best Picture and Best Original Screenplay Oscar nominations. Also released that year, The Godfather: Part II (1974). rivaled the success of The Godfather (1972), and won six Academy Awards, bringing Coppola Oscars as a producer, director and writer. Coppola then began work on his most ambitious film, Apocalypse Now (1979), a Vietnam War epic that was inspired by Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness (1994) (TV). Released in 1979, the acclaimed film won a Golden Palm Award at the Cannes Film Festival, and two Academy Awards . Also that year, Coppola executive produced the hit The Black Stallion (1979). With George Lucas, Coppola executive produced Kagemusha, directed by Akira Kurosawa, and Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters, directed by Paul Schrader, and based on the life and writings of Yukio Mishima. Coppola also executive produced such films as The Escape Artist (1982), Hammett (1982) The Black Stallion Returns (1983), Barfly (1987), Wind (1992), The Secret Garden (1993) etc.

He helped to make a star of his nephew, Nicolas Cage. Personal tragedy hit in 1986 when his son Gio died in a boating accident. Francis Ford Coppola is one of America's most erratic, energetic and controversial filmmakers.
IMDb Mini Biography By: Kornel Osvart

Spouse
Eleanor Coppola (2 February 1963 - present) 4 children

Trade Mark

Frequently casts relatives.

Includes the original author's name in the title of his adaptations (ie Mario Puzo's The Godfather, Bram Stoker's Dracula)

Releases re-edited versions of his work years later.

Frequently casts Robert Duvall, John Cazale, Laurence Fishbourne and Matt Dillon.

Often works with producers Fred Roos and Gray Frederickson.

Trivia

Caught polio when he was a child. During his quarantine, he practiced puppetry.

Some sources say he is the uncle of Alan Coppola, but Alan's name does not appear on any family tree authorized by the Coppola family.

Like Martin Scorsese, Coppola was a sickly youth, a case of polio which allowed him time to indulge in puppet theater and home movies.

Brother of Talia Shire.

Father of Mary Coppola, Sofia Coppola, Roman Coppola and Gian-Carlo Coppola.

Son of composer Carmine Coppola and Italia Coppola.

M.F.A. from University of California. [1967]

Since 1978, owner and operator of a Rutherford, California vineyard making Rubicon wine.

Coppola began his winery enterprise by buying portion of historic Inglenook estate in 1975. His success in field is explored in book "A Sense of Place" by Steven Kolpan, 1999.

Brother-in-law of Bill Neil.

Was in the early stages of developing a script for a fourth Godfather film with Mario Puzo which was to tell the story of the early lives of Sonny, Fredo and Michael. After Puzo's death in July of 1999, Coppola abandoned the project, stating that he couldn't do it without his friend.

As of 2002, he is one of only four people to simultaneously win Oscars for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Screenplay (the other three being James L. Brooks, Billy Wilder, and Leo McCarey).

As of May 2002, the number of Coppola-family members appearing in or contributing to filmmaking stands at thirteen, spread over three generations.

Francis Ford Coppola has been in competition with Bob Fosse on several occasions. In 1972, Coppola was nominated for the Best Director Oscar (The Godfather), but lost to Fosse (Cabaret). In 1974, Fosse was nominated for Best Director (Lenny) but lost to Coppola (The Godfather Part II). In 1979, both were nominated as directors (Apocalypse Now and All That Jazz), but both lost. When Fosse won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival (Coppola won the previous year), he tied with Akira Kurasawa, whose movie was produced by George Lucas and Francis Ford Coppola.

Grandfather of Gia Coppola. Great-uncle of Weston Coppola Cage.

Has released his own line of specialty foods.

As a child his bedroom was covered with pictures of his favourite film star, Jane Powell. When he discovered she'd married Geary Anthony Steffen, Jr. he tore them all down.

His wife arranged for him to meet Jane Powell as a 40th birthday present.

Out of all his peers who rose to fame and power in the 1970s "Golden Age" era, he is perhaps the only filmmaker still married to his first wife.

Frequently casts Robert Duvall, the late John Cazale, Nicolas Cage, Diane Keaton, Matt Dillon, and Laurence Fishburne.

Made a commercial for Suntory whiskey with legendary Japanese director Akira Kurosawa in the 1970s, an event which later influenced a salient plot point in his daughter Sofia's movie, Lost in Translation (2003).

Was voted the 21st Greatest Director of all time by Entertainment Weekly.

Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. "World Film Directors, Volume Two, 1945- 1985". Pages 227-234. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1988.

George Lucas said that he based the Han Solo character from the Star Wars trilogy on Coppola.

Serves as the Honorary Ambassador of the Central American nation of Belize in San Francisco, California, USA. On their official roster of worldwide honorary consulates found on their official website, he is referred to as "His Excellency Ambassador Francis Ford Coppola," although he is not a Belizean citizen.

In 1971 and 1973, George C. Scott and Marlon Brando refused their respective Best Actor awards for Patton (1970) and The Godfather (1972) - both written by Coppola.

Four of his relatives have been involved in the Star Wars films of his friend George Lucas. His brother-in-law, Bill Neil, worked at Industrial Light and Magic during the production of the original trilogy. His daughter, Sophia, and son, Roman, played a handmaiden and Naboo guard, respectively, in Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. His nephew, Christopher Neil, who worked as a dialogue coach for both Francis (on Jack and The Rainmaker) and Sophia (on The Virgin Suicides), did the same job on Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith--a job for which Coppola recommended him. In addition, his late older son was named Gian-Carlo. In Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, there is a Naboo vehicle called the Gian Speeder.

Often casts his own real-life extended family members in his films. In the case of the Godfather films, their characters' relationships to Michael Corleone often paralleled their real-life relationship to Coppola. He cast his sister, Talia Shire, as Michael's sister Connie, and his daughter, Sofia Coppola, as Michael's daughter Mary - named for Coppola's other daughter. In addition, Diane Keaton said that she modeled her performance as Kay Adams after Elanor Coppola, since both Kay and Coppola are protestants who married into Italian Catholic families.

Since the mid-90s, he has been writing and re-writing an original screenplay entitled "Megalopolis". Described as "one man's quest to build utopia set in modern-day New York," the project has been delayed due to Coppola's constant tinkering with the script and the fact that the director is attempting to finance it himself. Several A-list actors have had their names attached to it and a great excess of second-unit footage (shot in 24p HD) has been captured by Coppola and the film's cinematographer, Ron Fricke of 'Baraka' (1992) fame.

Directed 12 different actors in Oscar-nominated performances: Geraldine Page, Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, James Caan, Robert Duvall, Robert De Niro, Michael V. Gazzo, Lee Strasberg, Talia Shire, Kathleen Turner, Andy Garcia and Martin Landau. Brando and De Niro won their Oscar for their performances as Vito Corleone.

In 1975, he accepted the Oscar for "Best Actor in a Supporting Role" on behalf of Robert De Niro, who wasn't present at the awards ceremony. De Niro won for his performance in Coppola's The Godfather: Part II (1974).

The only person to direct a sibling in an Oscar-nominated performance (his sister Talia Shire was nominated as "Best Actress in a Supporting Role" for The Godfather: Part II (1974))

President of jury at the Cannes Film Festival in 1996

He is among an elite group of seven directors who have won Best Picture, Best Director and Best Screenplay (Original/Adapted) for the same film. In 1975 he won all three for The Godfather: Part II (1974). The others are Leo McCarey, Billy Wilder, James L. Brooks, Peter Jackson and Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (the brothers co-produced, co-directed and co-wrote No Country for Old Men (2007) with each other).

Co-owns the Rubicon restaurant in San Francisco with Robert DeNiro and fellow Bay area resident Robin Williams

Was involved in both movies that his father and his daughter won Oscars: He was the director of _The Godfather: Part II (1974)_ which won his father an Oscar for "Best Music, Original Dramatic Score" and he was the executive producer of Lost in Translation (2003) which won his daughter the Oscar for "Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen"

There are three generations of Oscar winners in the Coppola family: Francis, his father Carmine Coppola, his nephew Nicolas Cage and his daughter Sofia Coppola. They are the second family to do so, the first family is the Hustons - Anjelica Huston, John Huston and Walter Huston.

Since the mid-90s (and possibly even earlier), he has been writing and re- writing an original screenplay entitled "Megalopolis". Described as "one man's quest to build utopia set in modern-day New York," the project has been delayed due to Coppola's constant tinkering with the script and the fact that the director is attempting to finance it himself. Several A-list actors have had their names attached to it and a great excess of second-unit footage (shot in 24p HD) has been captured by Coppola and the film's cinematographer, Ron Fricke of _Baraka_ (1992) fame.

Currently owns 2 resorts in Belize and 1 in Guatemala. They are the Blancaneaux Lodge in the Pine Ridge Region, Turtle Inn in Placencia and La Lancha near Tikal in Guatemala.

He, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg presented Martin Scorsese with his first ever Oscar for Best Director for The Departed (2006). All four directors were part of the "New Hollywood" movement in the 60s and 70s.

Brother of August Coppola.

Was named after his grandfather Francesco Pennino.

Uncle of Nicolas Cage, Christopher Coppola Marc Coppola, Robert Schwartzman, Jason Schwartzman, 'John Schwartzman (I)', and Stephanie Schwartzman.

Briefly attended the New York Military Academy where Troy Donahue was his classmate. They later worked together on The Godfather: Part II (1974).

His middle name was given to him to honor Henry Ford. Francis was born at the "Henry Ford" Hospital in Detroit; Francis's father participated in a music show that Henry Ford really liked and they, in fact, met. So the middle name Ford was to honor Henry Ford himself. (Source: Francis F. Coppola, "Inside the Actor's Studio").

As a hold-over from his days directing theater when he was young, he always engages his cast in a lengthy rehearsal period before filming. Occasionally, he finds film actors that are not used to this will bristle against the process.

In 1986 his 22-year-old son, Gian-Carlo, died in a boating accident.

Favorite movies from his own personal filmography: The Rain People (1969), The Conversation (1974), Apocalypse Now (1979), Rumble Fish (1983) and Youth Without Youth (2007).

Uncle of Matthew Shire.

Personal Quotes

Happiness is happiness.

[On his film, Apocalypse Now (1979), at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival] "My movie is not about Vietnam... my movie is Vietnam."

What the studios want now is "risk-free" films but with any sort of art you have to take risks. Not taking risks in art is like not having sex and then expecting there to be children.

I just feel that at a certain point you have to go back to the beginning again. The best thing for me at this point in my life is to become a student again and make movies with the eyes I had when I was enthusiastic about it in the first place.

In a sense, I think a movie is really a little like a question and when you make it, that's when you get the answer.

All of a sudden, there are great Japanese films, or great Italian films, or great Australian films. It's usually because there are a number of people that cross- pollinated each other.

Anything you build on a large scale or with intense passion invites chaos.

I bring to my life a certain amount of mess.

I probably have genius. But no talent.

Lots of people have criticized my movies, but nobody has ever identified the real problem: I'm a sloppy filmmaker.

"Wall Streets got interested in film and communications, and these are the people who brought you the Big Mac. In the past twelve years, I can't think of one classic they've made." (1996)

Basically, both the Mafia and America feel they are benevolent organizations. And both the Mafia and America have their hands stained with blood from what it is necessary to do to protect their power and interests.

If the movie works, nobody notices the mistakes... If the movie doesn't work, the only thing people notice are mistakes.

If you don't bet, you don't have a chance to win.

I think if there was a role that Robert De Niro was hungry for, he would come after it. I don't think Jack Nicholson would. Jack has money and influence and girls, and I think he's a little bit like Marlon Brando, except Brando went through some tough times. I guess they don't want to do it anymore

I had a little fantasy that goes like this: I'm getting to be an influential person in San Francisco; what if I and five other powerful guys with cigars got together in a smoke-filled room to decide who would be the next mayor of San Francisco? We'd do it because we're good guys and we really want the city to be wonderful for everybody. Then I thought, what's the difference between five good guys holding that kind of power and five bad guys? Just good intentions, and intentions can be corrupted.

Initially, the idea of a sequel seemed horrible to me. It sounded like a tacky spin-off, and I used to joke that the only way I'd do it was if they'd let me film 'Abbott and Costello Meet the Godfather'- that would have been fun. Then I entertained some Russian film executives who were visiting San Francisco and they asked me if I was going to make 'The Godfather Part II'. That was the first time I heard the phrase used; I guess you could say I stole the title from the Russians. In short, it seemed like such a terrible idea that I was intrigued by the thought of pulling it off. Simple as that.

Most directors have one masterpiece by which they are known, or possibly two. Kurosawa has at least eight or nine. - on Akira Kurosawa

The easiest way to make sure a movie is successful is to make a traditional movie very well. If you make a slightly unusual movie or [don't] exactly follow the rules as everyone sees them, then you get in trouble or, like with Apocalypse, wait 20 years to hear that was really good.

When you lose your kid, it's the first thing you think of when you wake up in the morning for about seven or eight years. Then there's the first morning when that's not the first thing you think of. You get brave.

The Godfather changed my life, for better or worse. It definitely made me have an older man's film career when I was 29. So now I say, 'If I had my older career when I was young, as an older man, maybe I can have a young film-maker's career.'

Salary
The Godfather: Part III (1990) $6,000,000 + % of profits
The Cotton Club (1984) $2,500,000 + % of the gross
The Godfather: Part II (1974) $1 million to write, direct and produce the film
American Graffiti (1973) 20% of gross
The Godfather (1972) $175,000

Where Are They Now

(September 2005) Visiting Istanbul for vacation.

(July 2006) He visited Buenos Aires, Argentina for 4 days.

(June 2007) He visited Buenos Aires, Argentina, making castings with Argentine actors and looking for locations for his film Tetro (2009).

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GODFATHER

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APOCALYPSE NOW!

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COTTON CLUB

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